Punjabi is an Indo-Aryan language spoken by 130 million native speakers worldwide, making it the 10th most widely spoken language in the world. It is the native language of the Punjabi people who inhabit the historical Punjab region of Pakistan and India.
Punjabi is the fourth most spoken language in England and Wales and third most spoken in Canada. The language also has a significant presence in the United Arab Emirates, United States of America, Canada, United Kingdom, Saudi Arabia, and Australia.
Punjabi emerged as an independent language in the 12th century. Over the years a rich literary tradition has been developed in the Punjabi language, which includes examples of heroic ballads, epic poetry, stories of romantic tragedy, etc.
According to the 2011 Australian Census, Punjabi is the fastest growing language, showing a 207.5 per cent increase since 2006.
Information adapted from: www.abs.gov.au/census http://www.omniglot.com/writing/punjabi.htm